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Populate Records in ListView - Android database SQLite (p4)

For this exercise, we will be working with and offline database, which has a table name fstmdirektori (stafid, nama, jbt, telefon, emel).

screen offline db output display all recordsThis is what we will produce.

Code is here - http://khirulnizam.com/android/FSTMDirektori.zip

Step 1: Create a new blank Android project, let say named FSTM Direktori.

create new project named FSTM Direktori

Step 2: Add ListView in the main screen.

add listview in main layout

This is the main XML layout file.

activity_display_list.xml

<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="match_parent"
android:background="#B58897"
android:gravity="center_horizontal" >

<View
android:id="@+id/a"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="1dp"
android:background="#8DB3E1" />

<ListView
android:id="@+id/List"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="match_parent"
android:layout_below="@+id/a"
android:divider="#8DB3E1"
android:dividerHeight="2dp" />

</RelativeLayout>


Step 3: Add another layout XML file to hold each record, which will contain staffid, full name and the department (displaying three fields only).


Right-click on layout folder (as in picture below) and select New->Android XML File.


create new xml layout file


Use listcell.xml in the new XML file.


xml layout listcell


listcell.xml


<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="match_parent"
android:background="#F3CAE5"
android:gravity="center_vertical"
android:orientation="horizontal"
android:padding="8dp" >

<TextView
android:id="@+id/txtstafid"
android:layout_width="0dp"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_weight="1"
android:textColor="#000" />

<TextView
android:id="@+id/txtnama"
android:layout_width="0dp"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_weight="2"
android:textColor="#000" />

<TextView
android:id="@+id/txtjbt"
android:layout_width="0dp"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_weight="2"
android:textColor="#000" />



</LinearLayout>


 


Step 4: The Java codes


Add the DBHelper class.


The DBHelper class is the class to create the offline database in the Android device. This facilities is supported by SQLite library available in Android OS.


Right click the package icon in the SRC folder, and add a new class.


right click package and create new class


DBHelper.java


package net.kerul.fstmdirektori;

import android.content.Context;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteOpenHelper;

public class DBHelper extends SQLiteOpenHelper {
//define all the constants
static String DATABASE_NAME="fstmdirektori";
public static final String TABLE_NAME="staflist";
//these are the lit of fields in the table
public static final String STAFID="stafid";
public static final String NAMA="namapenuh";
public static final String JBT="jabatan";
public static final String TELEFON="telefon";
public static final String EMEL="emel";

public DBHelper(Context context) {
//create the database
super(context, DATABASE_NAME, null, 1);

}

@Override
public void onCreate(SQLiteDatabase db) {
//create the table
String CREATE_TABLE="CREATE TABLE "+TABLE_NAME+" ("+STAFID+" INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, "+NAMA+" TEXT, "+JBT+" TEXT, "+TELEFON+" TEXT,"+EMEL+" TEXT)";
db.execSQL(CREATE_TABLE);
//populate dummy data
db.execSQL("INSERT INTO staflist (stafid, namapenuh, jabatan, telefon, emel) VALUES('1', 'Khirulnizam Abd Rahman', 'JSK','0129034614', 'khirulnizam@gmail.com');");
db.execSQL("INSERT INTO staflist (stafid, namapenuh, jabatan, telefon, emel) VALUES('2', 'Noorazli Masrop', 'JMM','01297324378', 'noorazli@kuis.edu.my');");
db.execSQL("INSERT INTO staflist (stafid, namapenuh, jabatan, telefon, emel) VALUES('3', 'Muhammad Luqman', 'JSK','0112345423', 'luke@kuis.edu.my');");
db.execSQL("INSERT INTO staflist (stafid, namapenuh, jabatan, telefon, emel) VALUES('4', 'Hasnuddin Hasnol', 'JMM','0112314233', 'din@kuis.edu.my');");
db.execSQL("INSERT INTO staflist (stafid, namapenuh, jabatan, telefon, emel) VALUES('5', 'Muizz Salleh', 'JMM','0129787867', 'muizz@kuis.edu.my');");
db.execSQL("INSERT INTO staflist (stafid, namapenuh, jabatan, telefon, emel) VALUES('6', 'Muna Sabah', 'JSK','0134234343', 'moon@kuis.edu.my');");

}

@Override
public void onUpgrade(SQLiteDatabase db, int oldVersion, int newVersion) {
//onUpgrade remove the existing table, and recreate and populate new data
db.execSQL("DROP TABLE IF EXISTS "+TABLE_NAME);
onCreate(db);

}

}




Add another class called the DisplayAdapter. This class will act as the container to display each record from the database.


DisplayAdapter.java


package net.kerul.fstmdirektori;

import java.util.ArrayList;

import android.content.Context;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.BaseAdapter;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class DisplayAdapter extends BaseAdapter {
private Context mContext;
//list fields to be displayed
private ArrayList<String> stafid;
private ArrayList<String> nama;
private ArrayList<String> jbt;


public DisplayAdapter(Context c, ArrayList<String> stafid, ArrayList<String> nama, ArrayList<String> jbt) {
this.mContext = c;
//transfer content from database to temporary memory
this.stafid = stafid;
this.nama = nama;
this.jbt = jbt;
}

public int getCount() {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub
return stafid.size();
}

public Object getItem(int position) {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub
return null;
}

public long getItemId(int position) {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub
return 0;
}

public View getView(int pos, View child, ViewGroup parent) {
Holder mHolder;
LayoutInflater layoutInflater;
if (child == null) {
layoutInflater = (LayoutInflater) mContext.getSystemService(Context.LAYOUT_INFLATER_SERVICE);
child = layoutInflater.inflate(R.layout.listcell, null);
mHolder = new Holder();

//link to TextView
mHolder.txtstafid = (TextView) child.findViewById(R.id.txtstafid);
mHolder.txtnama = (TextView) child.findViewById(R.id.txtnama);
mHolder.txtjbt = (TextView) child.findViewById(R.id.txtjbt);
child.setTag(mHolder);
} else {
mHolder = (Holder) child.getTag();
}
//transfer to TextView in screen
mHolder.txtstafid.setText(stafid.get(pos));
mHolder.txtnama.setText(nama.get(pos));
mHolder.txtjbt.setText(jbt.get(pos));


return child;
}

public class Holder {
TextView txtstafid;
TextView txtnama;
TextView txtjbt;
}

}



And the main class – DisplayList.java that trying to display all records in the screen.


DisplayList.java


package net.kerul.fstmdirektori;

import java.util.ArrayList;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.app.AlertDialog;
import android.content.DialogInterface;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.database.Cursor;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.AdapterView;
import android.widget.AdapterView.OnItemClickListener;
import android.widget.AdapterView.OnItemLongClickListener;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class DisplayList extends Activity {

private DBHelper mHelper;
private SQLiteDatabase dataBase;

//variables to hold staff records
private ArrayList<String> stafid = new ArrayList<String>();
private ArrayList<String> nama = new ArrayList<String>();
private ArrayList<String> jbt = new ArrayList<String>();

private ListView userList;
private AlertDialog.Builder build;

@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.activity_display_list);

userList = (ListView) findViewById(R.id.List);

mHelper = new DBHelper(this);


}

@Override
protected void onResume() {
//refresh data for screen is invoked/displayed
displayData();
super.onResume();
}

/**
* displays data from SQLite
*/
private void displayData() {
dataBase = mHelper.getWritableDatabase();
//the SQL command to fetched all records from the table
Cursor mCursor = dataBase.rawQuery("SELECT * FROM "
+ DBHelper.TABLE_NAME, null);

//reset variables
stafid.clear();
nama.clear();
jbt.clear();

//fetch each record
if (mCursor.moveToFirst()) {
do {
//get data from field
stafid.add(mCursor.getString(mCursor.getColumnIndex(DBHelper.STAFID)));
nama.add(mCursor.getString(mCursor.getColumnIndex(DBHelper.NAMA)));
jbt.add(mCursor.getString(mCursor.getColumnIndex(DBHelper.JBT)));

} while (mCursor.moveToNext());
//do above till data exhausted
}

//display to screen
DisplayAdapter disadpt = new DisplayAdapter(DisplayList.this, stafid, nama, jbt);
userList.setAdapter(disadpt);
mCursor.close();
}//end displayData


@Override
public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
// Inflate the menu; this adds items to the action bar if it is present.
getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.display_list, menu);
return true;
}

}


Try RUN the project and you might see the Output as below.


screen offline db output display all records


Code is here - http://khirulnizam.com/android/FSTMDirektori.zip


Next tutorial –> View Complete Record from ListView

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