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Login JSON Android using Login Activity

I’ve been trying to release this tutorial quite a while. At last after a long hard effort. Since HttpClient is not supported any more in Android SDK 23, I have to resort to org.json.JSONObject and library to do online database with JSON.
The objective of this tutorial is to log-in from a mobile client with the username and password stored in an online database facility.
STEP 1: Create a new Android project, this time choose the LoginActivity .
The Interface
As the interface is provided by the ListActivity template, I will not elaborate.

STEP 2. Add the HttpHandler helper class.
This helper class is to check several errors of HTTP data format. It is also to convert HTTP stream into STRING.
Add JAVA the file to the main package.

package net.kerul.logindirectory;


import android.util.Log;


public class HttpHandler {

    private static final String TAG = HttpHandler.class.getSimpleName();

    public HttpHandler() {

    public String makeServiceCall(String reqUrl) {
        String response = null;
        try {
            URL url = new URL(reqUrl);
            HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
            conn.setRequestMethod("GET");//method type
            // read the response
            InputStream in = new BufferedInputStream(conn.getInputStream());
            response = convertStreamToString(in);
        } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
            Log.e(TAG, "MalformedURLException: " + e.getMessage());
        } catch (ProtocolException e) {
            Log.e(TAG, "ProtocolException: " + e.getMessage());
        } catch (IOException e) {
            Log.e(TAG, "IOException: " + e.getMessage());
        } catch (Exception e) {
            Log.e(TAG, "Exception: " + e.getMessage());
        return response;

    private String convertStreamToString(InputStream is) {
        BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(is));
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();

        String line;
        try {
            while ((line = reader.readLine()) != null) {
        } catch (IOException e) {
        } finally {
            try {
            } catch (IOException e) {
        return sb.toString();
STEP 3: The main java file to handle button LOGIN click and connection to the online server.
The code is too long, I just highlight several important functions.
The UserLoginTask class that implemented in AsyncTask (multi-threading).

     * Represents an asynchronous login/registration task used to authenticate
     * the user.
    public class UserLoginTask extends AsyncTask<String, Void, String> {

        private final String mEmail;
        private final String mPassword;

        UserLoginTask(String email, String password) {
            mEmail = email;
            mPassword = password;

        protected void onPreExecute(){

        protected String doInBackground(String... arg0) {

            try {

                URL url = new URL(""); // here is your URL path

                JSONObject postDataParams = new JSONObject();
                //add name pair values to the connection

                postDataParams.put("username", username);
                postDataParams.put("password", password);


                HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
                conn.setReadTimeout(15000 /* milliseconds */);
                conn.setConnectTimeout(15000 /* milliseconds */);

                OutputStream os = conn.getOutputStream();
                BufferedWriter writer = new BufferedWriter(
                        new OutputStreamWriter(os, "UTF-8"));


                int responseCode=conn.getResponseCode();
                Log.e("responseCode", "responseCode "+responseCode);
                if (responseCode == HttpsURLConnection.HTTP_OK) {//code 200 connection OK
                    //this part is to capture the server response
                    BufferedReader in=new BufferedReader(new

                    StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer("");
                    String line="";

                        Log.e("MSG sb",sb.toString());
                    }while ((line = in.readLine()) != null) ;

                    return sb.toString();//server response message

                else {

                    return new String("false : "+responseCode);
            catch(Exception e){
                //error on connection
                return new String("Exception: " + e.getMessage());
        }//end doInBackground

        protected void onPostExecute(String result) {
            //Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), result,
            //return result;
            //call method to handle after verification

            mAuthTask = null;

        }//end onPostExecute

        protected void onCancelled() {
            mAuthTask = null;
        }//end onCancelled
    public String getPostDataString(JSONObject params) throws Exception {

        StringBuilder result = new StringBuilder();
        boolean first = true;

        Iterator<String> itr = params.keys();

            String key=;
            Object value = params.get(key);

            if (first)
                first = false;

            result.append(URLEncoder.encode(key, "UTF-8"));
            result.append(URLEncoder.encode(value.toString(), "UTF-8"));

        }//end getPostDataString
        return result.toString();
    }//end UserLoginTask
The loginVerification function to display dialog box to the login status.

private void loginVerification(String svrmsg){
        String savemsg="";
        //if new record successfully saved
        Toast.makeText(this, "svrmsg:"+svrmsg,Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
        if (svrmsg.equals("success")){

            savemsg="Logged in...";

        else {//save failed
            savemsg="Email/password not match!";

        //**********common dialog box
        AlertDialog.Builder builder1 = new AlertDialog.Builder(this);
        builder1.setTitle("User Login");
        builder1.setPositiveButton("ok", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
            public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {

        //call ListUsers page if servermessage is success
        if (svrmsg.equals("success")){

            Intent i=new Intent(this,ListUsers.class);

    }//end loginVerification
STEP 4: The middleware in the online server

// include connect class

require_once __DIR__ . '/connect.php';

// connecting to db

$db = new DB_CONNECT();

$result = mysql_query("SELECT * FROM sd_users WHERE email='$username' AND password=md5('$password')") 

or die(mysql_error());

// check for empty result

if (mysql_num_rows($result) > 0) {
    // match found
 //send success
  echo "success";
  //$response["success"] = 1;
 }//end match found

 else{//no match found
  //send status fail
  echo "fail";
  //$response["success"] = 0;
 //echo json_encode($response);


Need face-to-face lesson?, we also provide Android Studio training, 0129034614

Disclaimer: Intermediate level. This tutorial works on Android Studio 2.2. Should you have any difficulties, leave your comment in the comment section.
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